Fesenjoon | Persian Pomegranate and Walnut Stew
There is a popular khoresh made with ground walnuts & pomegranate syrup, called Khoresh ‘eh fesenjan — but you can call it fesenjoon when you are on a more khodemooni (that is “intimate”) footing. Fesenjoon is just too delicious for its own good: tangy, sweet, yummy; and the texture is heaven, soft but granular and thick. Not surprisingly, it is among the top tier of special foods coveted and served for Norooz — the Persian New Year, which is just around the corner.
It would be hard to find an Irooni (colloquial for Iranian in Farsi) who does not like Fesenjoon. Most likely, a typical reaction would be: “Fesenjoon? Ākh joon!” (Or: Woot! As we say in English.) And if you are a faranghi (that is, a non-Persian) odds are great that once you are properly introduced to fesenjoon, you’ll start pining for your next quality-time together.
If there’s any justice in the world, your khoresh ‘eh fesenjan should be served over a perfect bed of fluffy rice imbued with the fragrance of saffron. Should you be so lucky, inhale deeply, and eat a hearty serving, and take care to form just the correct proportion of rice and khoresh in every spoonful. Since you can’t very well bring measuring devices and rulers with you to the dining table, just eyeball it to gauge the optimum proportions. Don’t worry. Practice makes perfect.
Now, there are regional variations on the classic fesenjoon recipe, with some that opt to use meatballs, ducks, quince, eggplants or even fish in lieu of chicken; and some recipes that use pistachios, almond, or hazelnuts instead of walnuts. In addition to the regional variations, the classic fesenjoon khoresh itself is subject to distinct touches from one home cook to the next when it comes to the list of ingredients, method of preparation, and the favored ratio of sweet to savory to tartness.
This recipe is how my esteemed mother has been making her khorosh ‘e fesenjon for almost forty years. In our family, we think it’s the bee’s knees, it moves some of us to do a happy dance, and nearly all of us request it for our birthday dinners.
(Note: Every recipe for this blog is made from scratch and shot from every angle until it begs for mercy. Logistically, however, it was not possible to make fesenjoon in time for publishing this post. Please, then, accept these candid action-shots of fesenjoon, captured in its natural habitat – during a family dinner at last Norooz. Recycling is good for the environment in any event.)
But anyhow. Less words. More fesenjoon.
- 2 lbs of skinless, boneless chicken breasts and thighs (6-8 pieces , more or less depending on the number served)
- 1 pound (or 4 cups) walnut
- 2 cups pomegranate syrup*
- 1-2 cups chicken broth (optional instead of water)
- 1 medium onion (finely grated)
- 1/2 cup finely grated butternut squash
- 1/4 cup pomegranate juice
- 1/4 cup pomegranate arils (optional for decoration)
- 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon
- 1/4 teaspoon ground saffron
- 1 Tablespoon or more sugar (amount depends on personal taste to balance the tangy flavor)
- Sauté chicken pieces in olive oil until lightly golden.
- Make saffron water by dissolving ground saffron in 2 tablespoon of hot water.
- Finely grate the butternut squash.
- Finely grate the onion. (Till it is almost the texture of onion water.)
- Roast walnuts in a 350 degree oven for 5 minutes. Once cool to touch, rub walnut pieces between palms to shed excess skin. (This step also removes the raw taste of walnuts, rendering them appreciably more tasty.) Then grind roasted walnuts in a food processor till you get a fine texture.
- Place walnuts, grated onion, and 2 cups of cold water in a Dutch oven and bring to a very gentle (yavash yavash) boil. Once gently boiling, adjust heat to low and cook (small bubbles) for 30 minutes – with the lid ajar. During this time, stir frequently with a wooden spoon, scraping the bottom, to prevent walnuts from burning and sticking to the bottom of the pot. (As my mother puts it: “This is a critical stage, so don’t goof.” This dish is essentially one that needs be cooked slowly and watched over.)
- Add pomegranate syrup, sautéed chicken, grated butternut squash (which according to my mom “seals the ingredients, bringing it all together and just really helps the texture”) cinnamon, pomegranate juice and the saffron dissolved in water. Also add either a cup of cold water (or chicken broth) at this point. Taste and adjust flavor to your liking with sugar, salt and pomegranate syrup. (The ideal flavor is perfectly balanced one that is tangy but also a bit sweet and definitely not too tart.) Bring mixture to a rapid bubbling boil – lid ajar – then turn down heat to low and continue to cook (mixture bubbling gently) for 45-75 minutes (or longer) till the chicken is completely cooked; the stew’s color turns a dark brown; and a layer of oil forms on the surface. Make a final taste test and adjust flavors to your liking.
- When it’s time to serve, stir with a wooden spoon so that the delectable walnut oil is evenly absorbed in the khoresh. Garnish with pomegranate arils (Optional.)
* For a homemade pomegranate-syrup recipe & recommendations re store-bought brands, please refer to this post.
- If the khoresh is too thick, add water, bring to a gentle boil, and gently boil away, uncovered, till reduced to the desirable consistency.
- If the khoresh is too thin in texture, bring to a rapid boil without a lid, then continue to cook on very low heat (bubbling gently) till you get the layer of walnut-oil form on the surface and the color turns chocolate brown.
Pour into a big serving bowl and serve hot. A ladle or two of khoresh served over a bed of perfect fluffy rice. Make sure you savor every single bite. For truly, blessed you are!